How solar energy works?
What is Solar Energy?
It is a renewable energy that is created after the direct transformation of radiation and light derived from the sun into electricity. All this transformation is thanks to the photovoltaic panels make solar radiation affect the photovoltaic cells.
Therefore, photovoltaic solar energy mainly serves and is used to provide electricity to companies and distribution networks, as well as to individual or autonomous user devices.
It is one of the cleanest energies because it does not produce pollution or adverse effects to the environment (it is not noisy, nor does it cause toxic emissions). It can also be stored in batteries for nighttime and cloudy days.
How does it work?
Solar energy works by capturing the sun's energy and converting it into electricity for your home or business. The bright sunlight is made up of photons, small bursts of energy emanating from the sun and hitting the photovoltaic panels (solar panels).
What are photovoltaic panels made of?
The panels consist of many solar cells (made of silicon, such as semiconductors). They are constructed with a positive layer and a negative layer, as together they create an electric field, as in a battery.
The photovoltaic cells of the panel convert the energy of sunlight into electricity (specifically direct current DC). This DC electricity is then converted to alternating current (AC) by an inverter.
If you have solar energy on your roof, the system's electrical panel sends power to your lights and appliances.